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江西成人高考網

不定式誤用辨析-2019年高起點英語復習資料-江西成教

江西成人高考信息網 發布時間:2018-12-22 11:11:12



1、中文:他夠年齡,可以上學了。

 ?。ㄕ`)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

 ?。ㄕ〩e is old enough to go to school.(形容詞+enough+不定式表示足夠…而可。)


2、中文:你喜歡聽別人談話嗎?

 ?。ㄕ`)Do you like listening to others to talk?

 ?。ㄕ〥o you like listening to others talk?(感官動詞或使役動詞的賓語補語用原形不定式。)

3、中文:他太好了,寄給我許多書。

 ?。ㄕ`)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

 ?。ㄕ〩e was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so……as to表示如此…以致。)


4、英語(不定式誤用辨析)

中文:為了準時,我們加快了步伐。

 ?。ㄕ`)So as to be in time we hurried.

 ?。ㄕ㊣n order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)


5、中文:你說這些話真傻。

 ?。ㄕ`)It's very foolish for you to say so.

 ?。ㄕ㊣t's very foolish of you to say so.(表示評價的形容詞被帶邏輯主語的不定式修飾時,介詞要用of.)


6、中文:你沒有告訴他們永遠不要做那件事嗎?

 ?。ㄕ`)Here is a new book for you to read it.

 ?。ㄕ〩ere is a new book for you to read.(作形容詞用法的帶邏輯主語的不定式for you to read的賓語,實際上就是它所修飾的new book,其后不可再加賓語。)


7、中文:你沒有告訴他們永遠不要做那件事嗎?

 ?。ㄕ`)Didn't you ask them to never do that?

 ?。ㄕ〥idn't you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)


8、中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

 ?。ㄕ`)You had better not to go out in the rain.

 ?。ㄕ℡ou had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)


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